Community Resilience Toolkit
How resilient would your community be if a disaster struck? Even if your community has not experienced a cyclone, bush fire or earthquake, you are still vulnerable to transportation crashes, epidemics or extreme weather events. This Community Disaster Resilience Scorecard provides a tool for communities, in partnership with local governments, to assess the likelihood that you and your neighbours live in a community that can respond to and recover from a disaster.
While resilience is a process, not a static state, completing the Scorecard is the first step in a continuing discussion and planning for action to strengthen the elements of resilience. Instructions on assembling a group to complete the scorecard are attached in a separate document. You are encouraged to repeat the Scorecard process in 6 to 12 months as it can help measure your community’s progress. This Scorecard has been developed as one tool associated with the Australian National Disaster Resilience Strategy, as communities across Australia are being encouraged to take steps to strengthen community resilience in the face of disaster. Beyond the resilience of individuals or individual organisations, your community will prove resilient in the event of a severe emergency or disaster when members of the population are connected to one another and work together , so that they are able to:
• function and sustain critical systems, even under stress;
• adapt to changes in the physical, social or economic environment;
• be self-reliant if external resources are limited or cut off; and
• learn from experience to improve over time.
Some of the information needed to complete the Scorecard will come from official census or similar information, and one or more individuals may be tasked with gathering some of the needed information. However, the Scorecard should be completed through an interactive process that involves the local government and representatives from the community, including some who may not see issues through the same lens. It will probably take 2-3 meetings to think through the items, arrive at agreement on the scoring, and identify those areas most in need of ongoing attention. The results should be widely shared as a part of the strategy to take action toward increased community resilience.
Disaster Resilience has four components: community connectedness; risk and vulnerability; planning and procedures; and available resources. Each of these components has several parts, with each part scored from 1 to 5, with 5 being the highest level of resilience. In most cases, we have provided a definition or an example of what might lead to each of these scoring levels, and in all cases, we have provided some information on where you might look for the data or information required to complete the scorecard. If you have other data sources, particularly local ones, then use them. A listing of links to referenced data sources, and a glossary are attached. In a number of cases, more precise information could be obtained if you were able to complete a survey of your community; while this may not be possible for the first scoring, it may be possible to do before a second scoring. Additional information on the Community Disaster Resilience Scorecard is provided in the Guidance Manual.